The General Post Office, Calcutta was commissioned by the British Government of Bengal to ease the administration of the postal & telegraph network of the province of Bengal; it has since then served as the chief post office of Bengal.
|Description||The GPO, a magnificent white building, with a huge dome gracing its front end & Corinthian columns (slender columns, topped by decorative leaves & scrolls) along its sides, is a brilliant example of the simplistic Edwardian architecture that was prevalent in Britain from 1901-14.|
|History||The GPO has gory history associated with it – it is built at the site of Fort William, the British outpost at Calcutta, that was the site of the “Black Hole Tragedy” of 1756 AD – a singular event where several British men & women were imprisoned in a small dungeon by then Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah, leading to several deaths by asphyxiation & panic. Along one of the staircases of the GPO, brass plates have been embedded in the floor to mark the dungeon where the “Black Hole” incident took place. Postage stamps worth 40 paise depicting the GPO were also issued by the postal department on its centenary celebrations in 1967 & 68.|
|Construction||The building was designed by Walter L. B. Granville (1819-1874), the same architect who also designed the Indian Museum, Calcutta High Court & the University of Calcutta (later destroyed). The construction of the GPO started in 1864 & it was handed over to the postal department in 1868. A Postal Museum was added to the GPO in 1884 & has on display a collection of stamps and postal artifacts such as letter boxes & seals. The GPO also boasts of a Philatelic Bureau which is a stamp collector’s delight.|
|Protection||Archaeological Survey of India is responsible for protection & maintenance of this heritage building.|
|Ownership||Archaeological Survey of India|
|Location||Crossing of Netaji Subhas Road and Koilaghat Street, B.B.D Bagh Area|
|Remark||For a detailed write up on the GPO click more!|
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