The General Post Office, Calcutta was commissioned by the British Government of Bengal to ease the administration of the postal & telegraph network of the province of Bengal; it has since then served as the chief post office of Bengal.
General Post Office GPO Calcutta 1

General Post Office GPO Calcutta 2

Description                 The GPO, a magnificent white building, with a huge dome gracing its front end & Corinthian columns (slender columns, topped by decorative leaves & scrolls) along its sides, is a brilliant example of the simplistic Edwardian architecture that was prevalent in Britain from 1901-14.
History The GPO has gory history associated with it – it is built at the site of Fort William, the British outpost at Calcutta, that was the site of the “Black Hole Tragedy” of 1756 AD – a singular event where several British men & women were imprisoned in a small dungeon by then Nawab Siraj-ud-Daulah, leading to several deaths by asphyxiation & panic. Along one of the staircases of the GPO, brass plates have been embedded in the floor to mark the dungeon where the “Black Hole” incident took place. Postage stamps worth 40 paise depicting the GPO were also issued by the postal department on its centenary celebrations in 1967 & 68.
Construction The building was designed by Walter L. B. Granville (1819-1874), the same architect who also designed the Indian Museum, Calcutta High Court & the University of Calcutta (later destroyed). The construction of the GPO started in 1864 & it was handed over to the postal department in 1868. A Postal Museum was added to the GPO in 1884 & has on display a collection of stamps and postal artifacts such as letter boxes & seals. The GPO also boasts of a Philatelic Bureau which is a stamp collector’s delight.
Protection  Archaeological Survey of India is responsible for protection & maintenance of this heritage building.
Ownership    Archaeological Survey of India
Location         Crossing of Netaji Subhas Road and Koilaghat Street, B.B.D Bagh Area
Remark     For a detailed write up on the GPO click more!

You have new information on this heritage resource do let us know ! Write to us at

Disclaimer: The article expresses individual views of the author. The rights to the content of the article rests with the author.

What do you think?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s