PARIJAT THE GRAND SYMBOL OF INDIAN MYTHOLOGY


CONTRIBUTED BY ADITYA KUMAR

The Parijat tree is considered to be a divine tree which blooms occasionally (usually after Ganga Dusshera) with flowers that are white on blooming and turn yellow on drying. The tree is unique in more than one aspect. It is a unisex tree which cannot be grown by plantation of its offshoots and it does not produce either its seeds or fruits. The leaves of the tree in the lower portion have five tips like the fingers of our hand and the upper portion having seven. The flower from the tree is referred to as the Parijat flower and the perimeter of the trunk of this tree is around 50 feet and its height is close to 45 feet. The tree is believed to be more than 1000 years old.

The Parijat tree at Kintur village, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India (Image source: Wikipedia)

In Botany, the Parijat tree is named as Adansonia digitata, due to its resemblance to the Adansonia class of trees. This class has eight members with six being found in the African continent and the other two in the Arabian Peninsula and Australia respectively. Trees of this class reach heights upto 100 ft and their trunk diameters range from 23 to 36 ft. The other common name for Adansonia digitata is Baobab.

The Parijat tree is located in the Kintur village which is near Barabanki, a district about 30 km from the capital city of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. Kintur is about 38 km from Barabanki and was named after Kunti who was the mother of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata. There are several temples around the place and the tree is located near one such temple that was established by Kunti.

There are a number of legends associated with this tree. The common ones are listed below:

  • It is believed by some that the tree originated from the ashes of Kunti.
  • Some say that Arjun brought this tree from the heavens and Kunti used to offer its flowers to Lord Shiva.
  • It is also said that Lord Krishna stole a branch of this tree from Indra’s kingdom and brought it to the earth. The Parijat tree was planted in Indralok, being one of the many gifts from the Samudra Manthan. Narada brought some flowers from the tree and gave them to Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna gifted the flowers to his wife Rukmini. Narada told Satyabhama (Krishna’s other wife) about this and advised her to ask Krishna to get the Parijata tree from Indralok and plant it in her garden. Satyabhama did exactly that and in the meantime, Narada went back to Indralok and warned Indra that someone from the earth might attempt to steal the tree from Indralok. An angry Indra confronted Krishna while he was leaving with a branch of the tree. This led to a battle which Indra lost. However, he put forth a curse on the branch that it will never bear fruit even though it may produce flowers. Since then, the tree does not bear any fruit. Once Krishna brought the tree to Dwarka, another conflict arose between his two wives, with both insisting to have the plant in their respective gardens. So, Krishna planted the tree in such a manner that although it was planted in Satyabhama’s garden, its flowers would fall in Rukmini’s garden. In this way, Rukmini got the flowers and Satyabhama got the tree. 

Painting showing Krishna uprooting a branch of the Parijata tree from Indralok (Image source: Wikipedia)

  • In the Harivansh Puraan, the tree is referred to as a “KALP-VRAKSH”, or wish bearing tree which apart from this one can only be found in heaven. Newly-weds visit the tree for blessings and a fair is held every Tuesday when people worship the tree.

Stamp of Parijat tree issued by the Indian Postal Department (Image source: http://www.indiapicks.com)

 The tree stands tall as evidence of the strong cultural backdrop India has and being the only one of its kind also supports the Hindu mythology. It has been the center of attention of botanists over the years and several efforts have been made to prevent it from dying. In 2010, there was a committee formed by the Uttar Pradesh government to save the tree from attacks from moths and insects. A stamp of the tree has also been issued by the Indian Postal Department. Being located in a remote village does not help its cause as it hinders the importance it deserves. It would not be surprising to find that most of the people in the country may not be aware that a grand symbol of Hindu mythology exists in this remote village of Uttar Pradesh. The site should be actively promoted and maintained by the concerned department of the Government of India. It would be grossly inappropriate to leave it at the mercy of the state government and the village locals. We should not allow such symbols of our glorious past to fade away from our memories.

Videos for Parijat tree can be found at:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3EDE91yHC8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2tpgyeHnPms

Disclaimer: The article expresses individual views of the author. The rights to the content of the article rests with the author.

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10 responses to “PARIJAT THE GRAND SYMBOL OF INDIAN MYTHOLOGY

  1. Parijat tree is unique in more than one aspect. Do you know why . . . if not then read this very interesting article by our group member Aditya Kumar. Do let us know your views . . .

  2. Adensonia digitata (Parijat/Kalpa vriksha) is not rare. It is reported from several parts of India like Rajasthan, Gujarat, Jammu, Maharastra and some parts of South India. It is also reported from some other parts of uttar Pradesh.

  3. In Karnataka,Tamilnad & Andhra,ths Parijatha Tree used to be very common in front of Hari Bhakthas,especially Vaishnavites who grew the tre just in front of their houses just 25-30 yrs back until apartment culture destroyed independent houses.Still one can see these trees in some old houses especially in the country side of Bangalore.

    • Ahobala this is very interesting information. Could you write a short piece on this and post some images. It would be really nice for the readers of IHH to know more about this species (natural heritage) which is rapidly getting lost.

      Thanks for your informative comments.

  4. Pingback: Indian Classical Texts: Are they History, Mystery or Mythology? | 2ndlook·

  5. Various beliefs that the wife will be unhappy or that husband can have extra marital affairs may have made the tree not much sought after…or rather, avoidable. It’s such a awesome smelling flower! Let’s all start planting it.

  6. I especially want to know if this plant is available in USA.My Indian friend residing in South Carolina wants the fresh leaves of this plant for her knee joint problems.

  7. Regarded as a Divine tree the plant is part of the Nepalese culture too. It is found in many households in around Kathmandu and at smaller temples in the Pashupatinath temple complex and other Nepalese cities where devout Hindu religious practices are common. It does not come from the heavens as is mostly believed in our religions. It is original to Africa and was regarded as sacred tree even in the ancient African civilizations thousands of years ago. I have read texts where they were regarded as auspicious and luck bearing (similar to Kalpabrikshaya) in Yemen, Sudan and far off Mesopotomia-Asyria-Babylon regions where ancient rich civilizations have had flourished in the past but wiped off now. It is called Baobab tree in Africa and its biological name is Adansonia digitata. How it came to the Indian subcontinent is a matter more of further research rather than blind faith alone. And yet for these reasons I have recently planted this auspicious plant in my house as well. I hope it grows up well. Wish you all readers to plant these wonderful or for that matter heavenly,sweet smelling flowering plants in your homes too. It will surely bring good omen and good luck… …as I read in those ancient knowledgable texts.

    Happy to share this information with you all. I hope you allwill find it useful. Good Luck

    Jyoti R. Sharma
    Kathmandu, Nepal

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